How Betelgeuse Will Explode
Betelgeuse is usually the tenth-brightest star in the night sky and, after Rigel, the second-brightest in the constellation of Orion. It is a distinctly reddish semiregular variable star whose apparent magnitude, varying between +0.0 and +1.6, has the widest range displayed by any first-magnitude star. At near-infrared wavelengths, Betelgeuse is the brightest star in the night sky. Its Bayer designation is α Orionis, Latinised to Alpha Orionis and abbreviated Alpha Ori or α Ori.
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Supernovas are the dramatic death of giant stars. Their explosions outshine all the stars in a galaxy, and the last minutes of their life are the most energetic and the most cataclysmic events that we see in the universe.