The COMPLETE guide to complex numbers


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The COMPLETE guide to complex numbers

The COMPLETE guide to complex numbers

A complete guide to the basics of complex numbers. Feel free to pause and catch a breath if you feel like it – it’s meant to be a crash course!

Complex numbers are useful in basically all sorts of applications, because even in the real world, making things complex sometimes, oxymoronically, makes things simpler. This is the basis for a lot of physical applications, like circuit analysis, as well as slightly more far-fetched like Fourier analysis or Laplace transforms. Even for pure mathematicians, this is very useful due to its algebraic closure, and the beautiful world of complex analysis. As said before in the previous video, complex analysis is an extremely powerful tool that everyone should be excited about!

This video will cover basically all of the topics you will ever learn in a normal course in complex numbers, or things considered basics in complex analysis, namely, Cartesian and polar ways of representation, Euler’s formula and identity, the different operations of complex numbers, including complex exponentiation like i^i, de Moivre’s theorem helping us find nth root of any complex numbers and so on. Even if you know a lot about complex numbers, maybe the proofs of Euler’s formula is something that you might not have seen, or just maybe use this as a refresher! This video also touches on the argument issue, which could naturally lead to branch cuts, but this will be postponed to the next video.

This is a part of a video series on complex analysis. Next video is going to be about visualising complex functions, and of course, the messy stuff about it, like the branch points and branch cuts. Don’t forget to subscribe with the bell icon on so that you can be notified of my new uploads in the series!

Video chapters:
00:00 Sarcastic and serious introductions
01:32 1.1 Complex plane – Cartesian way
02:47 1.2 Complex plane – Polar way (Intro)
03:25 1.3 Arguments about arguments
04:57 1.4 Interconversion
07:48 2.1 Euler’s formula – classic proof
09:22 2.2 Euler’s formula – 2nd proof
13:03 3.1 Operations – addition/subtraction
14:12 3.2 Operations – multiplication
16:06 3.3 Operations – conjugation
17:45 3.4 Operations – division
19:23 3.5 Operations – exponentiation
20:11 3.6 Operations – logarithm
21:50 3.7 Operations – sine/cosine
23:56 4.1 de Moivre’s theorem – intro
24:49 4.2 de Moivre’s theorem – nth roots
28:53 4.3 de Moivre’s theorem – Euler’s formula 3rd proof


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