Thermodynamics in the Quantum Regime by Binder 2019 pdf
Thermodynamics in the Quantum Regime by Binder 2019 pdf : Pages 985
By Binder, F., Correa, L.A., Gogolin, C., Anders, J. and Adesso, G.
Publisher: SPRINGER INTERNATIONAL PU, Year: 2019
Fundamental Aspects and New Directions
In the last two decades, experimental advances in quantum physics have made it possible to prepare and exquisitely control quantum systems that are increasingly large and complex. Today, tens of ions can be trapped and shuttled at will in segmented microtraps, clouds of cold bosons are routinely loaded into optical lattices and interfered, superconducting qubits in microwave cavities allow the observation of quantum trajectories, and nanoparticles can be levitated and cooled to low temperatures. Meanwhile, macroscopic thermodynamics and classical statistical physics, which predate quantum theory, have started to push towards smaller scales. Fluctuation relations now extend the second law of thermodynamics, originally phrased for processes between equilibrium states, to general non equilibrium processes.
The field of Quantum Thermodynamics is concerned with closing the gap between the small world of quantum mechanics and the large classical equilibrium world of thermodynamics by bringing together these recent developments. It aims to build a new thermodynamic framework that goes beyond the conventional regime of validity of macroscopic thermodynamics to account for finite size effects,
non-equilibrium dynamics and quantum properties.
Questions addressed in Quantum Thermodynamics include:
• How can process-dependent thermodynamic quantities, such as work and heat, be meaningfully defined and measured in quantum systems?
• What are the efficiencies of quantum engines and refrigerators? Are they better or worse than their classical counterparts?
• What opportunities and hurdles do quantum evolution of closed and open systems imply for finite-time thermodynamics?
• How do non-equilibrium fluctuation relations extend to the quantum regime?
• How does equilibrium of a closed or open quantum many-body system arise from microscopic dynamics and properties?
• Which corrections to standard thermodynamic laws and relations have to be made when considering systems that couple strongly to their surroundings? ( Preface / Book : Page 6 )