Hydrogen atom in quantum mechanics


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Hydrogen atom in quantum mechanics

Hydrogen atom in quantum mechanics

Since we cannot say exactly where an electron is, the Bohr picture of the atom, with electrons in neat orbits, cannot be correct.

Quantum theory describes electron probability distributions

Schrödinger Equation and Quantum Numbers : Potential energy for the hydrogen atom , The time-independent Schrödinger equation There are four different quantum numbers needed to specify the state of an electron in an atom.

1. The principal quantum number n gives the total energy.

2. The orbital quantum number gives the angular momentum; can take on integer values from 0 to n – 1.


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