Five Maxwell’s Papers by James Clerk Maxwell pdf
Five Maxwell’s Papers by James Clerk Maxwell pdf : Pages 25
By James Clerk Maxwell
From the Report of the British Association, 1856.
When observing the spectrum formed by looking at a long ve rtical slit through a simple prism, I noticed an elongated dark spot running up and down in the blue, and following the motion of the eye as it moved up and down the spectrum, but refusing to pass out of the blue into the other colours. It was plain that the spot belonged both to the eye and to the blue part of the spectrum. The result to which I have come is, that the appearance is due to the yellow spot on the retina, commonly called the Foramen Centrale of Soemmering.
convenient method of observing the spot is by presenting to the eye in not too rapid succession, blue and yellow glasses, or, still better, allowing blue and yellow papers to revolve slowly before the eye. In this way the spot is seen in the blue.